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Nichols Moss

Colourful sphagnum, sundew and other plants create a carpet on the surface of this raised mire. Large heath butterflies and bogbush cricket can be found.


  • In spring green hairstreak butterflies are on the wing and the cotton grass is in flower.
  • Summer is a good time to spot large heath butterfliesand bog rush crickets. Bog rosemary and sundew are flowering.
  • Autumn you can find bilberries and perhaps see woodcock.
  • Snipe winter here and roe and red deer are often seen.

Once part of an extensive peat bog

Nichols Moss would once have been part of a much larger peat bog connecting with the Trust's other reserves at Meathop and Foulshaw Mosses. Nichols Moss is a raised mire which means that it receives moisture entirely from rainfall. Since the end of the last ice age, wet conditions have allowed peat to accumulate to a depth of 5 metres (16 feet).

Waterlogged wildlife

Colourful Sphagnum mosses, cottongrass, cranberry, bog rosemary and bog asphodel are the main species you will see on the bog surface. Look out for the locally scarce oblong-leaved sundew which occurs here together with the more common round-leaved sundew. Both species are insectivorous and trap small flies on sticky leaves.

Nichols Moss is perhaps best known as an important site for invertebrates and you can find butterflies such as green hairstreak and large heath, moths such as the eggar moth and the day flying purple-bordered gold moth, bog bush cricket and damsel and dragonflies.You may also see both red and roe deer on the reserve.

Drying out at the edges

The edges of the mire are drier due to drainage of the surrounding land and some peat cutting has taken place. Here Scots pine and other trees have colonised. In these drier areas you can find bilberry, bracken and narrow-leaved buckler-fern.

Keeping it special

Management of the nature reserve involves removing pines and blocking drains where possible.

The nature reserve was purchased in 2000 with a generous legacy from the Ellwood Family.

Getting here

By car:  From A590 take minor road to Witherslack. Turn left in village centre then left again at Halecat. Take the first left signed as a cul-de-sac. Continue to the T junction and turn left. The reserve is reached by walking down the track for 430 metres, and is on the right hand side immediately before the concrete Nissen hut.
By bicycle: The reserve 1.6km/1 mile from National Route 72 (Walney to Wear).
By public transport: Buses run from Barrow in Furness, Ulverston, Newby Bridge, Grange over Sands and Kendal to Witherslack

Nearby nature reserves

1 miles - Cumbria Wildlife Trust
Meathop Moss
1 miles - Cumbria Wildlife Trust
Foulshaw Moss
2 miles - Cumbria Wildlife Trust

Nature reserve map

Reserve information

Near Witherslack
Map reference
SD 430 831
Great for...
Best time to visit
Apr - Aug
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Opening Times
Open at all times
7.00 hectares
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)
No formal paths. Very wet ground.
Walking information
There are no formal paths around the reserve and the ground can be very wet. The reserve is unfenced and drainage ditches mark the boundaries of the Trust's ownership. Take care! Be aware of adders and ticks. The ground off the path is very soft and there are filled holes and deep water
Park where the surfaced road ends at SD 428 836. Please do not obstruct the track or gateways.
Dogs must be on lead
Grazing animals
Reserve manager
Simon Thomas
Tel: 01539 816300